Vue源码解析(二)

接着看一下第二部分,调用stateMixin方法。

function stateMixin (Vue) {
  // flow somehow has problems with directly declared definition object
  // when using Object.defineProperty, so we have to procedurally build up
  // the object here.
  var dataDef = {};
  dataDef.get = function () { return this._data };
  var propsDef = {};
  propsDef.get = function () { return this._props };
  {
    dataDef.set = function (newData) {
      warn(
        'Avoid replacing instance root $data. ' +
        'Use nested data properties instead.',
        this
      );
    };
    propsDef.set = function () {
      warn("$props is readonly.", this);
    };
  }
  Object.defineProperty(Vue.prototype, '$data', dataDef);
  Object.defineProperty(Vue.prototype, '$props', propsDef);

  Vue.prototype.$set = set;
  Vue.prototype.$delete = del;

  Vue.prototype.$watch = function (
    expOrFn,
    cb,
    options
  ) {
    var vm = this;
    options = options || {};
    options.user = true;
    var watcher = new Watcher(vm, expOrFn, cb, options);
    if (options.immediate) {
      cb.call(vm, watcher.value);
    }
    return function unwatchFn () {
      watcher.teardown();
    }
  };
}

在Vue的原型上定义了几个属性,分别是$data、$props、$set、$delete、$watch。$data、$props是实例的data和props的代理,可读不可写。

function set (target, key, val) {
  if (Array.isArray(target)  typeof key === 'number') {
    target.length = Math.max(target.length, key);
    target.splice(key, 1, val);
    return val
  }
  if (hasOwn(target, key)) {
    target[key] = val;
    return val
  }
  var ob = (target ).__ob__;
  if (target._isVue || (ob  ob.vmCount)) {
    "development" !== 'production'  warn(
      'Avoid adding reactive properties to a Vue instance or its root $data ' +
      'at runtime - declare it upfront in the data option.'
    );
    return val
  }
  if (!ob) {
    target[key] = val;
    return val
  }
  defineReactive$$1(ob.value, key, val);
  ob.dep.notify();
  return val
}

set方法为设置动态数据,接受Object和Array两种类型,可以对数组插入或者或替换操作,也可以替换已有的object的内容,如果不存在则新生成一个可变化的数据。

function del (target, key) {
  if (Array.isArray(target)  typeof key === 'number') {
    target.splice(key, 1);
    return
  }
  var ob = (target ).__ob__;
  if (target._isVue || (ob  ob.vmCount)) {
    "development" !== 'production'  warn(
      'Avoid deleting properties on a Vue instance or its root $data ' +
      '- just set it to null.'
    );
    return
  }
  if (!hasOwn(target, key)) {
    return
  }
  delete target[key];
  if (!ob) {
    return
  }
  ob.dep.notify();
}

delete方法删除数据中的动态参数,也接受Array和Object两种类型。

var Watcher = function Watcher (
  vm,
  expOrFn,
  cb,
  options
) {
  this.vm = vm;
  vm._watchers.push(this);
  // options
  if (options) {
    this.deep = !!options.deep;
    this.user = !!options.user;
    this.lazy = !!options.lazy;
    this.sync = !!options.sync;
  } else {
    this.deep = this.user = this.lazy = this.sync = false;
  }
  this.cb = cb;
  this.id = ++uid$2; // uid for batching
  this.active = true;
  this.dirty = this.lazy; // for lazy watchers
  this.deps = [];
  this.newDeps = [];
  this.depIds = new _Set();
  this.newDepIds = new _Set();
  this.expression = expOrFn.toString();
  // parse expression for getter
  if (typeof expOrFn === 'function') {
    this.getter = expOrFn;
  } else {
    this.getter = parsePath(expOrFn);
    if (!this.getter) {
      this.getter = function () {};
      "development" !== 'production'  warn(
        "Failed watching path: \"" + expOrFn + "\" " +
        'Watcher only accepts simple dot-delimited paths. ' +
        'For full control, use a function instead.',
        vm
      );
    }
  }
  this.value = this.lazy
    ? undefined
    : this.get();
};

watch方法是观察某个属性或者某个计算属性的变化,第一个参数为观察的内容,第二个为回调函数,返回新值和旧值,第三个为属性配置。watch方法主要实例化了一个Watcher对象。

Watcher.prototype.get = function get () {
  pushTarget(this);
  var value;
  var vm = this.vm;
  if (this.user) {
    try {
      value = this.getter.call(vm, vm);
    } catch (e) {
      handleError(e, vm, ("getter for watcher \"" + (this.expression) + "\""));
    }
  } else {
    value = this.getter.call(vm, vm);
  }
  // "touch" every property so they are all tracked as
  // dependencies for deep watching
  if (this.deep) {
    traverse(value);
  }
  popTarget();
  this.cleanupDeps();
  return value
};

watcher原型的get方法,获取watcher方法所观察的值(this.getter.call(vm,vm))。

Watcher.prototype.addDep = function addDep (dep) {
  var id = dep.id;
  if (!this.newDepIds.has(id)) {
    this.newDepIds.add(id);
    this.newDeps.push(dep);
    if (!this.depIds.has(id)) {
      dep.addSub(this);
    }
  }
};

addDep方法,添加依赖。

Watcher.prototype.cleanupDeps = function cleanupDeps () {
    var this$1 = this;

  var i = this.deps.length;
  while (i--) {
    var dep = this$1.deps[i];
    if (!this$1.newDepIds.has(dep.id)) {
      dep.removeSub(this$1);
    }
  }
  var tmp = this.depIds;
  this.depIds = this.newDepIds;
  this.newDepIds = tmp;
  this.newDepIds.clear();
  tmp = this.deps;
  this.deps = this.newDeps;
  this.newDeps = tmp;
  this.newDeps.length = 0;
};

cleanupDeps方法,清除依赖。

Watcher.prototype.update = function update () {
  /* istanbul ignore else */
  if (this.lazy) {
    this.dirty = true;
  } else if (this.sync) {
    this.run();
  } else {
    queueWatcher(this);
  }
};

update方法,更新所观察的属性。

Watcher.prototype.run = function run () {
  if (this.active) {
    var value = this.get();
    if (
      value !== this.value ||
      // Deep watchers and watchers on Object/Arrays should fire even
      // when the value is the same, because the value may
      // have mutated.
      isObject(value) ||
      this.deep
    ) {
      // set new value
      var oldValue = this.value;
      this.value = value;
      if (this.user) {
        try {
          this.cb.call(this.vm, value, oldValue);
        } catch (e) {
          handleError(e, this.vm, ("callback for watcher \"" + (this.expression) + "\""));
        }
      } else {
        this.cb.call(this.vm, value, oldValue);
      }
    }
  }
};

run方法,执行watcher实例所传的回调方法。

Watcher.prototype.evaluate = function evaluate () {
  this.value = this.get();
  this.dirty = false;
};

重新获取watcher内的value值。目前不是很理解。

Watcher.prototype.depend = function depend () {
    var this$1 = this;

  var i = this.deps.length;
  while (i--) {
    this$1.deps[i].depend();
  }
};

为watcher内的每个dep添加依赖。

Watcher.prototype.teardown = function teardown () {
    var this$1 = this;

  if (this.active) {
    // remove self from vm's watcher list
    // this is a somewhat expensive operation so we skip it
    // if the vm is being destroyed.
    if (!this.vm._isBeingDestroyed) {
      remove(this.vm._watchers, this);
    }
    var i = this.deps.length;
    while (i--) {
      this$1.deps[i].removeSub(this$1);
    }
    this.active = false;
  }
};

移除watcher自身所绑定的依赖。

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