基于Netty5.0高级案例一之NettyWebsocket

环境需求:

    1、jdk1.7

    2、Eclipse

    3、Netty5.0

    4、支持websocket的浏览器[火狐]
工程截图:

090941_Xdoi_1475456.png

 

代码部分:

 

服务端:

Global.java

package com.itstack.netty.common;
import io.netty.channel.group.ChannelGroup;
import io.netty.channel.group.DefaultChannelGroup;
import io.netty.util.concurrent.GlobalEventExecutor;
public class Global {
	public static ChannelGroup group = new DefaultChannelGroup(GlobalEventExecutor.INSTANCE);
	
} 

 

ChildChannelHandler.java

package com.itstack.netty.websocket;

import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpObjectAggregator;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpServerCodec;
import io.netty.handler.stream.ChunkedWriteHandler;

public class ChildChannelHandler extends ChannelInitializerSocketChannel{

@Override
protected void initChannel(SocketChannel e) throws Exception {

e.pipeline().addLast("http-codec",new HttpServerCodec());
e.pipeline().addLast("aggregator",new HttpObjectAggregator(65536));
e.pipeline().addLast("http-chunked",new ChunkedWriteHandler());
e.pipeline().addLast("handler",new MyWebSocketServerHandler());
}

}

 

MyWebSocketServerHandler.java

package com.itstack.netty.websocket;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.logging.Level;
import java.util.logging.Logger;

import com.itstack.netty.common.Global;

import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFutureListener;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.SimpleChannelInboundHandler;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.DefaultFullHttpRequest;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.DefaultFullHttpResponse;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.FullHttpRequest;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseStatus;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpVersion;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.CloseWebSocketFrame;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.PingWebSocketFrame;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.PongWebSocketFrame;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.TextWebSocketFrame;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.WebSocketFrame;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.WebSocketServerHandshaker;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.WebSocketServerHandshakerFactory;
import io.netty.util.CharsetUtil;

public class MyWebSocketServerHandler extends
SimpleChannelInboundHandlerObject {

private static final Logger logger = Logger
.getLogger(WebSocketServerHandshaker.class.getName());

private WebSocketServerHandshaker handshaker;

@Override
public void channelActive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {

// 添加
Global.group.add(ctx.channel());

System.out.println("客户端与服务端连接开启");

}

@Override
public void channelInactive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {

// 移除
Global.group.remove(ctx.channel());

System.out.println("客户端与服务端连接关闭");

}

@Override
protected void messageReceived(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg)
throws Exception {

if (msg instanceof FullHttpRequest) {

handleHttpRequest(ctx, ((FullHttpRequest) msg));

} else if (msg instanceof WebSocketFrame) {

handlerWebSocketFrame(ctx, (WebSocketFrame) msg);

}

}

@Override
public void channelReadComplete(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
ctx.flush();
}

private void handlerWebSocketFrame(ChannelHandlerContext ctx,
WebSocketFrame frame) {

// 判断是否关闭链路的指令
if (frame instanceof CloseWebSocketFrame) {
handshaker.close(ctx.channel(), (CloseWebSocketFrame) frame
.retain());
}

// 判断是否ping消息
if (frame instanceof PingWebSocketFrame) {
ctx.channel().write(
new PongWebSocketFrame(frame.content().retain()));
return;
}

// 本例程仅支持文本消息,不支持二进制消息
if (!(frame instanceof TextWebSocketFrame)) {

System.out.println("本例程仅支持文本消息,不支持二进制消息");

throw new UnsupportedOperationException(String.format(
"%s frame types not supported", frame.getClass().getName()));
}

// 返回应答消息
String request = ((TextWebSocketFrame) frame).text();

System.out.println("服务端收到:" + request);

if (logger.isLoggable(Level.FINE)) {
logger
.fine(String.format("%s received %s", ctx.channel(),
request));
}

TextWebSocketFrame tws = new TextWebSocketFrame(new Date().toString()
+ ctx.channel().id() + ":" + request);

// 群发
Global.group.writeAndFlush(tws);

// 返回[谁发的发给谁]
// ctx.channel().writeAndFlush(tws);

}

private void handleHttpRequest(ChannelHandlerContext ctx,
FullHttpRequest req) {

if (!req.getDecoderResult().isSuccess()
|| (!"websocket".equals(req.headers().get("Upgrade")))) {

sendHttpResponse(ctx, req, new DefaultFullHttpResponse(
HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1, HttpResponseStatus.BAD_REQUEST));

return;
}

WebSocketServerHandshakerFactory wsFactory = new WebSocketServerHandshakerFactory(
"ws://localhost:7397/websocket", null, false);

handshaker = wsFactory.newHandshaker(req);

if (handshaker == null) {
WebSocketServerHandshakerFactory
.sendUnsupportedWebSocketVersionResponse(ctx.channel());
} else {
handshaker.handshake(ctx.channel(), req);
}

}

private static void sendHttpResponse(ChannelHandlerContext ctx,
FullHttpRequest req, DefaultFullHttpResponse res) {

// 返回应答给客户端
if (res.getStatus().code() != 200) {
ByteBuf buf = Unpooled.copiedBuffer(res.getStatus().toString(),
CharsetUtil.UTF_8);
res.content().writeBytes(buf);
buf.release();
}

// 如果是非Keep-Alive,关闭连接
ChannelFuture f = ctx.channel().writeAndFlush(res);
if (!isKeepAlive(req) || res.getStatus().code() != 200) {
f.addListener(ChannelFutureListener.CLOSE);
}
}

private static boolean isKeepAlive(FullHttpRequest req) {

return false;
}

@Override
public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause)
throws Exception {

cause.printStackTrace();
ctx.close();

}

}

NettyServer.java

package com.itstack.netty.websocket;

import io.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;
import io.netty.channel.Channel;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannel;

public class NettyServer {

public static void main(String[] args) {

new NettyServer().run();
}

public void run(){

EventLoopGroup bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
EventLoopGroup workGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();

try {

ServerBootstrap b = new ServerBootstrap();
b.group(bossGroup, workGroup);
b.channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class);
b.childHandler(new ChildChannelHandler());

System.out.println("服务端开启等待客户端连接 ... ...");

Channel ch = b.bind(7397).sync().channel();

ch.closeFuture().sync();

} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}finally{
bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();
workGroup.shutdownGracefully();
}

}

}

 

客户端:

!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"
html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
head
meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /
title无标题文档/title
/head
/head
script type="text/javascript"
var socket;


if(!window.WebSocket){

window.WebSocket = window.MozWebSocket;
}

if(window.WebSocket){
socket = new WebSocket("ws://localhost:7397/websocket");

socket.onmessage = function(event){

var ta = document.getElementById('responseText');
ta.value += event.data+"\r\n";
};

socket.onopen = function(event){

var ta = document.getElementById('responseText');
ta.value = "打开WebSoket 服务正常,浏览器支持WebSoket!"+"\r\n";

};

socket.onclose = function(event){

var ta = document.getElementById('responseText');
ta.value = "";
ta.value = "WebSocket 关闭"+"\r\n";
};
}else{
alert("您的浏览器不支持WebSocket协议!");
}

function send(message){
if(!window.WebSocket){return;}
if(socket.readyState == WebSocket.OPEN){
socket.send(message);
}else{
alert("WebSocket 连接没有建立成功!");
}

}

/script
body
form onSubmit="return false;"
input type = "text" name="message" value="Netty The Sinper"/
br/br/
input type="button" value="发送 WebSocket 请求消息" onClick="send(this.form.message.value)"/
hr color="blue"/
h3服务端返回的应答消息/h3
textarea id="responseText" style="width: 1024px;height: 300px;"/textarea
/form
/body
/html

 

 

测试运行:

1、启动NettyServer

2、启动支持websocket的浏览器,打开index.html[开启2个以上]

3、服务端输出结果:

服务端开启等待客户端连接 ... ...
客户端与服务端连接开启
客户端与服务端连接开启
客户端与服务端连接关闭
客户端与服务端连接开启
服务端收到:Netty The Sinper
服务端收到:Netty The Sinper
服务端收到:www.itstack.org
服务端收到:www.itstack.org
服务端收到:您好,您也在学习Netty吗?
服务端收到:是的!一起学习吧!
服务端收到:嗯,到群里来吧5360392
服务端收到:好的,么么大

4、客户端输出截图:

090941_nAQW_1475456.png

转载于:https://my.oschina.net/shenhuajie/blog/703869

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