Java 单例模式(6种)

//1 懒汉,线程不安全
public class Singleton {
    private static Singleton instance = null;
    private Singleton(){}

    public static Singleton getInstance(){
        if(instance == null ) {
            instance = new Singleton();
        }

        return instance;
    }   
}
//2 懒汉,线程安全
public class Singleton {
    private static Singleton instance = null;
    private Singleton(){}

    public static synchronized Singleton getInstance(){
        if(instance == null ) {
            instance = new Singleton();
        }

        return instance;
    }
}
//3 饿汉
public class Singleton {
    private static Singleton instance = new Singleton();
    private Singleton(){}

    public static Singleton getInstance(){      
        return instance;
    }
}
//4 静态内部类
public class Singleton {
    private static class SingletonHolder {
        public static Singleton instance = new Singleton();
    }
    private Singleton(){}

    public static Singleton getInstance(){      
        return Singleton.SingletonHolder.instance;
    }
}
//5 枚举
public class Singleton {

    private Singleton(){}

    public static Singleton getInstance(){      
        return Single.instance.getInstance();
    }

    private static enum Single {
        instance;

        private  Singleton single;
        //JVM会保证此方法绝对只调用一次
        private Single(){
            single = new Singleton();
        }

        public Singleton getInstance(){
            return single;
        }
    }
}
//6 双重校验锁
public class Singleton {

    private static volatile Singleton instance = null;
    private Singleton(){}


    private static Singleton getInstance() {
        if(instance == null) {
            synchronized (Singleton.class) {
                if(instance == null){
                    instance = new Singleton();
                }
            }
        }
        return instance;
    }
}
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